Elections enable every adult citizen of the country to participate in the process ofgovernment formation. You must have observed that elections are held in our country. These include elections to elect members of the Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha,State Legislative Assemblies (Vidhan Sabhas) Legislative Councils (Vidhan Parishad) andof, President and Vice-President of India. Elections are also held for local bodies such asmunicipalities, municipal corporations and Panchayati Raj justifications.

Village Panchayat Election 2021


ગ્રામપંચાયત ઇલેક્શન ફાઈનલ પરિણામ જોવા માટે નીચે ક્લિક કરો


If you have attainedthe age of 18, you must have voted in some of these elections. If not, you will have theopportunity to vote in the next round of elections. These elections are held on the basis ofuniversal adult franchise, which means all Indians of 18 years of age and above have theright to vote, irrespective of their caste, colour, religion, sex or place of birth.

  • Election is a complex exercise. It involves schedules rules and machinery. This lesson willgive you a clear picture of the voting procedure, as also about filing of nominations, theirscrutiny and the campaigns carried out by the parties and the candidates before actualpolling. In this lesson you will read about the Election Commission, electoral system inIndia and also some suggestions for electoral 
  • reforms.Objectives After studying this lesson, you will be able toldescribe the composition of the Election Commission of India enumerate the functions the Election Commission and explain its role recall the procedure of election from the announcement of schedule, to the declarationof the result mention various stages in the electoral process recognise the poll-related officers and describe their functions identify the drawbacks and need for electoral reforms suggest the electoral reforms and those already carried on.

In order to conduct free and fair elections in India

Election Commission as an impartialbody has been established by the Constitution itself. It is a three-member body. The mainfunctions of the Election Commission are to delimit the constituencies, recognise the politicalparties, allot the symbols, and appoint officials to conduct and supervise the elections, Theelectoral process begins with the issue of notification by the President. The ElectionCommission releases the schedule for election and, issues model code of conduct to befollowed during elections. The contesting candidates file their nomination papers. Theirpapers are scrutinised by the concerned Returning Officers after which they are eitheraccepted or rejected. The candidates can also withdraw their nominations. 
During theelection campaign, political parties and their candidate release their respective ElectionManifestos. A large number of public meetings, and door-to-door campaign are organised and the electronic media, TV and Radio etc. are used to win the people’s confidence. Onthe polling day the Election Commission ensures that voters cast their votes in free andfair manner. The candidate who secures highest number of votes in a constituency isdeclared elected.
Recently Electronic Voting Machine has been introduced, it has replaced the use of ballotpapers and ballot boxes. This change has yielded positive outcomes, as no bogus voting,rigging or booth capturing can happen now, and the counting can be completed in no time.Though Election Commission tries its best to conduct free and fair elections our electoralsystem is faced with the problems like use of money and muscle powers, and other corruptpractices. To avoid all this certain electoral reforms have been introduced from time totime.
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